Of the Iroquois nations there are currently six included in their Confederacy. However, before 1715 there were only five. The Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and the Cayuga. The sixth tribe, the Tuscarora were pushed off their land by the fellow Tuscarorans as well as the English settlers as a result of the Tuscarora War of 1711.
Initially there were two factions in the Tuscarora tribe, these being the Northern and Southern factions. The Northern faction led by Chief Tom Blunt were almost always on friendly terms with the English colonists and had a thriving trade with them. THe Southern faction led by Chief Hancock were on the bad end of relations with the English colonists as they were constantly being raided and his tribesman kidnapped and sold as slaves for the ever growing cotton and tobacco plantations, even as both were having their land stolen by the encroachment of the English colonists and loss of the tribe through the introduction of European diseases of which they had no knowledge of. The cumulative effect of these occurrences on the Southern Tuscarora led Chief Hancock to believe that the only way to save his people was to attack the colonists, even as Chief Tom Blunt stayed neutral at htis point.
Chief Hancock with several indian tribes as his allies, began the war on September 22, 1711 against the colonists by first attacking the inhabitants of the plantations along the Roanoke, Neuse, and Trent Rivers as well as the city of Bath, killing several hundred. In response the governor of North Carolina, Edward Hyde called out the North Carolina militia and secured the help of the South Carolina militia and several indian tribes including the Cherokee and the Northern Tuscarora. Governor Hyde secured the help of the Northern Tuscarora by bribing Chief Tom Blunt with command of the entire Tuscarora tribe and a land grant to keep them on if he assissted the colonists.
The first formal battle between the these two forces took place at Fort Narhantes along the Neuse River in 1712, and resulted in a victory for the colonists. It is believed that several hundred Southern Tuscarora warriors were killed and about a hundred women and children were taken prisoner and sold into slavery. Later in 1712 Chief Tom Blunt was able to capture Chief Hancock and handed him over to the colonial officials who then executed him as soon as they could in 1712. At this point the war was all but lost as some the Tusarora began to migrate north to New York and succor from their cultural brothers in the Iroquois Confederacy. However, there was one more battle to be fought at Fort Neoheroka in Greene County North Carolina. A battle which the Southern Tuscarora lost and resulted in one thousand of their warriors, women or children either killed or capture and sold into slavery.
At the end of the battle the trickle of Southern Tuscarora migrating to New York became a flood. As a result the war could not be prosecuted and a treaty was signed ending the war in 1715. Governor Hyde kept his word and Chief Blunt was given control of the entirety of the Tuscarora tribe and was given fifty-six thousand acres of land and granted the title of King by the North Carolina legislature was paid handsomely. The Southern Tuscarora who had migrated to New York were granted entrance into the Iroquios Confederacy in 1720.