The largest serpent effigy mound known to man is in Adams County (Peebles), Ohio. It is a 5 feet tall enbankment of earth and resembles a snake that is a quarter-mile long. Who built this serpent effigy (and why they built it) remains a mystery. The gigantic snake is uncoiling in seven deep curves along a bluff overlooking Ohio Brush Creek. The oval embankment near the end of the bluff probably represents the open mouth of the serpent as it strikes.
The mound is built on the site of a crater with its head pointing toward the solstice. In fact, various alignments of the serpent correspond to astronomical features, such as alignments of the sun and moon. There are those who suggest that the builders of the Serpent Mound were a society of Native American astronomers. Recent research has found solar alignments and six lunar alignments corresponding to six coils of the serpent effigy.
In the book, The Mystery of the Serpent Mound: in search of the alphabet of the gods by Ross Hamilton, we learn much more about the lunar alignments and the Solar Hexagon.(Clark and Marjorie Hardman were the first to investigate the mound and its lunar alignments and found it to be aligned to the Star Thuban in the Constellation of Draco.)
With this in mind, the skeptic has to ask if the American Indians were really the designers of this great serpent effigy, were they the ‘sole’ designers? The shaman culture of the pre-Columbian Colonial, and post-Colonial periods, Ross Hamilton tells in his book, did have some deep knowledge of astronomy.
There is also the possible connection with the Serpent Mound and Revelations 3:4 and some kind of encodement. Serpents are quite prominent in many religious beliefs as symbols of evil forces or benevolent deities. Serpent Mound could have been a symbol of a significant religious or mystical principle for the builders because of the time and effort that must have been spent constructing it. Even so, the mystery remains.
Although curiosity has brought interest from many walks of life, including the scientist, to the Serpent Mound for over one hundred years, it is not believed to be built over any burials or remnants of living areas. There are no known artifacts found in it to identify which prehistoric culture constructed it. Some archaeologists think it was built by the Adena culture (800B.C. – A.D. 100). Others believe it was built by the Fort Ancient culture (A.D. 1000 – 1650). But recent data might prove it to be much older.
The Serpent Mound is a great mystery and there is a very interesting State Memorial in Peebles, Ohio if you are interested in further exploration.
There are many who believe the Serpent has nothing to do with religion, and some who believe it has something to do with religion. But this skeptic is in the group of those who believe it has everything to do with it.