In response to the need for intervention for the injured soldiers of WWII, the medical field of physical rehabilitation began using adapted sport and recreation as treatment for the development of strength and drive for patients with paraplegia.
Led by the determined work of Dr Ludwig Guttman, a Jewish doctor from Germany, the human desire to compete and survive was realized for injured soldiers. A comprehensive video of the historical impact of Dr Guttman and the subsequent growth of the Paralympic Movement can be seen on You Tube.
It is with individuals with big insight into uncommon realities that have fostered the effort to focus on the “ability” in disability. To this, society owes a great deal to the doctors, nurses and rehab therapists that advance the human rights of people with a disability.
The obvious benefits of having the Paralympic Movement stem from the arena of medicine includes the sensible use of scientific reasoning, a ton of support in the continuance of medical advancements, and a discipline that requires and rewards good innovative thought.
A down side to having the medical field at the forefront of developing a strong culture of independent adapted-recreationists is in the lack of real life atmospheres. The creation of a synthetic environment, found in hospitals, which patients are expected to master real world skills is critical for the vulnerable patients, but is a well known barrier for those ready to re-enter a new lifestyle.
Occupational Therapist at The Rehabilitation Centre at The Ottawa Hospital, Bethany MacNeill, reinforced that the difficulty in transferring new skills gained in an institutional environment to home.
As a patient submits to the advice and directions from their doctors and other immediate medical staff combined with living in medical isolation they can lose there sense of self-determination and this can follow you home.
The transfer between hospital and home environments is a tricky endeavour and matching the level of support that is received in a hospital at home can help with re-entering life.